Human papilloma virus (HPV) infection is a virus disease that develops as a result of the genital area in both women and men. In the cauliflower view, there are painless formations of irili-small sizes.
Genital warts is a disease that is encountered in 1% of the population in the A. B. D and is most commonly seen in the age of 20-30. In our country, the frequency increases with each passing day. Genital warts detected in men are very important in terms of public health and must be treated.
The incubation period is not entirely clear. Symptoms may occur months or years after contact with the virus. It usually gives symptoms in 1-6 months. Sometimes it can remain a carrier in the body without even giving symptoms.
How is it transmitted?
• Sexually transmitted. Contamination is always with skin contact, so it can be transmitted without a complete sexual intercourse.
• Contact with the virus is important. A person with Genital warts can hand out the warts and smear it into other parts of his body by scratching.
• When shaving the Genital area, it can also spread to other regions through the virus planted. Hence, the number of warts in advance can be spread rapidly and can reach too many numbers after a while.
What are the types of HPV in men?
HPV's type is defined in 70 and 30 of them have predisposition to the Ano-genital region.
It is reported that the male genital warts are HPV type 6 and 11 80-90% and the types of carcinogens are much less, whereas the nonsymptomatic lesion contains carcinogenic HPV subtypes (type 16 and 18).
Lesions in the male sexual area are usually 2-10 mm in diameter. The most common is the prepudium (foreskin), the frenulum (the delicate region just below the penis head), the Mons pubis (seen in the way), the coronal sulcus (the groove on the head-end of the penis), the scrotum (the bag enveloping the testicles), the groin and the anus. Rarely the urethra (urinary bladder) can also be seen in the bladder. In women, the vulva can develop around the uterus, the inside of the vagina, the urethra (urinary tract) and the anus.
The patient with Genital warts says there are blisters and pube in the skin. In the form of cauliflower appearance, they are flexible and soft masses.
HOW IS GENITAL WARTS TREATMENT?
The treatment of genital warts must be done in men. The most frequently used and best method in men is burning.
In the burning process, according to the doctor's preference, electrocautery, leep (Loop electrosurgical exicion procedure) or laser (usually I prefer to burn with laser; the recurrence after treatment with laser is much lower than other treatments.) Operation is performed.
Cryotherapy (freezing) can also be used in the treatment of Condytoma. Liquid nitrogen is the process of freezing the lesion and the surrounding of the lesion.
In size, large condylolar can be removed by surgical incision. (Cleaning of lesions with the help of Scuria)
The method of burning between HPV therapies in men is the least persistent and recurrence probability. (Laser Condytoma)
Is follow-up necessary after treatment?
Even after complete treatment, genital warts are likely to repeat. After treatment for new warts, periodic examination is required. (The patient can control the intermediate search by looking at their genital area.)
In women, due to the risk of cervical cancer; smear should be performed periodically.
Protection from HPV;
The most effective way to protect individual from Genital warts is to avoid having a relationship with suspicious people (with a large number of sexual partners) who have risk of disease. If you have Genital warts, report it to your sexual partner in time and it is necessary to go to the doctor and assess.
Is the condom a virus protector?
The use of condoms in sexual intercourse reduces the likelihood of a condytoma infection but does not fully protect it. The penis root is susceptible to contact and it is possible to infect because the condom is only covered up to the root of the penis.
Genital warts and the psychological effects it creates?
In cases where Genital warts are not treated or relapse, it can cause psychological problems in persons. As a result, as with every viral disease, the patient's stress will suppress the immune system, causing activation of the virus and the proliferation or recurrence of the wart. This puts the person in a vicious circle.
It is important to have a strong functioning of the body immune system in order to suppress and reproduce this virus that has been taken into the body. For this reason, it is recommended that these patients have good nutrition, live away from stress and smokers quit smoking.
It can be used to increase immune resistance (immunmodulation), local cream (IMOKIMODE), medications (interferons) or drugs containing vitamins.